Modified Rankin Scale (mRS)

Created 22/02/2022, last revision 05/05/2022

  • mRS is used to assess functional outcomes (the degree of disability or dependence in the daily activities) in patients who have suffered a stroke
    • mRS has been used in clinical research for more than 30 years
    • mRS correlates with stroke type, lesion size, and neurological impairment as assessed by other stroke evaluation scales
    • individual quality of life and independence are influenced by a wide variety of factors, including the presence of comorbidities
  • increased reliability of mRS assessments can be achieved by the use of a structured interview
  • mRS should be repeated over time to check for recovery
Modified Rankin Scale (mRS)
0
  • no symptoms
1
  • the mild deficit with no significant disability
  • able to carry out all usual duties and activities
2
  • mild disability
  • unable to carry out all previous activities, but able to look after own affairs without any assistance
3
  • moderate disability, the patient requires help with some activities
  • able to walk without the assistance of another person
4
  • unable to walk and attend to bodily needs without assistance
5
  • bedridden
  • incontinent, requiring constant nursing care
6
  • dead
Modified Rankin scale (mRS)

Standardized interview for the mRS  (Yes/No questions)

  • do you have any symptoms that are bothering you?
  • able to carry out all duties and activities as before?
  • are you able to keep up with your hobbies?
  • do you need help making a simple meal, doing household chores, or balancing a checkbook?
  • do you need help with shopping or traveling close to home?
  • do you need another person to help you walk?
  • do you need help with eating, going to the toilet, or bathing?
  • do you stay in bed most of the day and require constant nursing care?
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