Intraventricular hemorrhage

Intraventricular hemorrhage
INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE Intraventricular hemorrhage Created 22/04/2022, last revision 25/11/2022 [toc] Introduction intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) or hemocephalus is characterized by the presence of blood within the cerebral ventricular system IVH is present initially in one-quarter of patients with ICH or may occur as a subsequent extension of the ICH patients with larger hematomas and caudate or ... Read more

Dabigatran (PRADAXA)

Dabigatran (PRADAXA)
ADD-ONS / MEDICATION / ANTICOAGULANTS Dabigatran (Pradaxa) Created 19/10/2022, last revision 25/10/2022 [toc] Dabigatran (PRADAXA) is an oral anticoagulant drug used to treat and prevent VTE and stroke in people with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) through direct thrombin inhibition. It is used as an alternative to warfarin, which does not require laboratory monitoring or dietary ... Read more

Early management of patients with suspected stroke

GENERAL THERAPY Early management of patients with suspected stroke Created 07/06/2022, last revision 04/10/2022 [toc] every patient with rapidly developing neurological deficits should be evaluated as a potential candidate for recanalization therapy and should be transported ASAP to the nearest stroke center or comprehensive stroke center for emergent diagnostic evaluation and therapy Definition and clinical ... Read more

Lumbar puncture and antithrombotic therapy

Lumbar puncture
ADD-ONS / MEDICATION Lumbar puncture and antithrombotic therapy Created 07/02/2022, last revision 10/11/2022 [toc] lumbar puncture (LP) is an important and frequently performed invasive procedure for the diagnosis and management of many neurologicalconditions the procedure is associated with a certain risk of spinal bleeding (most often epidural hematoma) higher-risk conditions include: coagulopathies (including pharmacologically induced) ... Read more

Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome

ADD-ONS Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) Created 25.09.2019 , last update 04.11.2021 [toc] Cerebral Hyperperfusion (reperfusion) Syndrome (CHS) can occur within hours to days after a revascularization procedure (carotid endarterectomy, carotid artery stenting, revascularization in moyamoya syndrome, severe aortic stenosis repair) the peak incidence of CHS and hemorrhage after CEA is  5-7 days and 12-48 h after ... Read more

Superficial siderosis

Infratentorial superficial siderosis
SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE Superficial siderosis Created 06/04/2021, last revision 30/09/2022 [toc] cerebral superficial siderosis (SS) is characterized by deposits of hemoglobin breakdown products in the subarachnoid space (SA) on the surface of the brain and spinal cord (regardless of etiology) occurs as a result of chronic or intermittent extravasation of blood into the SA space early ... Read more

Brain aneurysm diagnosis

Aneurysm of the intracranial ICA segment
SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE Brain aneurysm diagnosis Created 20.11.2019 , last update 07.04.2022 [toc] in each SAH patient, it is necessary to search for its source by examining the arterial circulation CT angiography (as part of the initial CT scan) is the primary diagnostic method for aneurysm detection; in case of negative findings, DSA is usually performed ... Read more

Diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage

SAH caused by rupture of top basilar artery aneurysm
SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE Diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage Created 30/03/2021, last revision 30/09/2022 [toc] the diagnosis of SAH should be considered in any patient with a severe and sudden onset or rapidly escalating headache deciding which patients require a workup for SAH is often a challenging part of the emergency care imaging methods can confirm the diagnosis ... Read more

Clinical presentation and complications of subarachnoid hemorrhage

SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE Clinical presentation and complications of subarachnoid hemorrhage Created 29/03/2021, last revision 03/11/2022 [toc] Clinical presentation Prodromal symptoms these symptoms precede the aneurysm rupture in 10-50% of cases; they usually appear 10-20 days before the rupture headaches dizziness, nausea, vomiting orbital pain, diplopia, visual loss seizures photophobia etiology of prodrome symptoms: sentinel leaks ("weeping ... Read more

Definition and etiology of subarachnoid hemorrhage

Subarachnoid hemorrhage - etiology
SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE Definition and etiology of subarachnoid hemorrhage Created 29/03/2021, last revision 09/10/2022 [toc] Definition, epidemiology subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a clinical syndrome resulting from bleeding into the subarachnoid space (the area between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater surrounding the brain) the most common cause of SAH is head trauma (traumatic SAH) non-traumatic ... Read more

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